The first inhabitants
Historical references indicate that the first inhabitants of Kythnos were the ancient Dryopians whose king was Kythnos, so the island was named after him. Kythnos was also called Dryopis or Ophioussa, while in the Middle Ages it was known as Theramna.
The ancient state
The ancient state of Kythnos was well known for its rule of law and for that reason Aristotle devoted a special study on the island to his work called “On State of Kythnos“, a project that was not rescued. In addition, the ancient Kythnians excelled in the letters and the arts, with the painters, Timanthis and Kydis, being the most prominent ones.